Stronger ESG Regulation in the EU

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) recently published a Strategy on Sustainable Finance which sets out how ESMA will include Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations into its work. A key priority of 2020 will be the completion of a regulatory framework for disclosure requirements on sustainability-related disclosures in the financial services sector.

"’Key pillars supporting the shift towards a more sustainable financial system are the measurement, verification and disclosure of ESG factors. It is important that public authorities step in and establish robust ESG standards and supervise the relevant actors and products to prevent the risk of greenwashing;’ said Steven Maijoor, Chair of ESMA, in a keynote address on sustainable finance issues at the European Financial Forum in Dublin.” (source

You can find the ESMA strategy document here.

Twenty Questions for Directors about Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is a major area of concern for companies and for their Boards of Directors. So the directors need to look into the policies and procedures around cybersecurity in some depth. Directors generally conduct their work by determining how management is handling the issues, but to do that, they need to know what the issues are. In other words, they need to know what questions to ask. 

Cybersecurity issues revolve around the nature and extent of the underlying risks involved. The questions the Directors must ask address the risks and attempt to determine what safeguards are in place, where the vulnerabilities are in the organization, what assets are at risk, how management is organized to handle a breach, what insurance they have, and other similar questions.

The answers to the Directors’ questions must be complete and supported by concrete evidence.

in 2019, CPA Canada released a short guide to help. It’s titled “Twenty Questions Directors Should Ask About Cybersecurity” and is available at

Something for every Director’s briefcase.

CPA Founding Partner

Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA Canada), one of the largest national accounting organizations in the world, has chosen to become a founding partner of ThinkTwenty20.